New PDF release: Buddhist Sutras: Origin, Development, Transmission

By Rebecca Davis, Kogen Mizuno, Morio Takanashi, Koichiro Yoshida, Takahiro Matsumura, Kazumasa Osaka

ISBN-10: 4333010284

ISBN-13: 9784333010288

This ebook deals an engrossing account either one of the foundation and improvement of the sutras and of the clergymen who braved perilous trips and mastered unusual languages to be able to hold the sutras to new lands.

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Additional info for Buddhist Sutras: Origin, Development, Transmission

Example text

But the Theravada Buddhists believed the Buddha's Law should be communicated without any of the misunderstandings that can result from translation. In Southern Buddhist countries the Pali language and Buddhism were familiar not only to monks but also to the general populace, and both were accustomed to studying and understanding the meaning of the scriptures in the 41 42 TRANS LATING T H E SCRIPT URES Pali original. Hence Theravada Buddhists thought the Pali original was appropriate for others to accept, believe, and practice in the traditional manner as the traditional teaching.

The king wavered in making a decision, but Chu Shih-hsing told the king that if the Buddhists in Khotan considered the sutra heretical, it would surely be burned. He pleaded with the king to give him the sutra so it would not suffer that fate. Just as the manuscript was to be burned in the plaza before the palace, the king consented to give it to Chu Shih-hsing. Although it was somewhat scorched, the sutra was saved. Chu Shih-hsing sent it to China to be translated, and today we know that translation, made in 29 1 by Wu-ch'a-Io, as the Perfection of Wis­ dom Sutra in Twenty-five Thousand Lines (Panchavimshati-saha­ srika-prajnaparamita-sutra) .

Therefore, such words were not defined in translation but merely reproduced phonetically. For example, the word bhagavat has the following meanings : one who possesses auspicious signs ; one who destroys illusions and evil ; one who is provided with such auspicious virtues of freedom as the Law, fame, good signs, desire, and diligence ; one who has com­ pletely understood the Four Noble Truths ; one who receives and keeps various excellent practices ; and one who has abandoned the wandering of transmigration .

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Buddhist Sutras: Origin, Development, Transmission by Rebecca Davis, Kogen Mizuno, Morio Takanashi, Koichiro Yoshida, Takahiro Matsumura, Kazumasa Osaka

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