Singh Ved Pal and Stapleton Raymond D. (Eds.)'s Biotransformations: Bioremediation Technology for Health and PDF

By Singh Ved Pal and Stapleton Raymond D. (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0444509976

ISBN-13: 9780444509970

ISBN-10: 1865843830

ISBN-13: 9781865843834

ISBN-10: 2076315500

ISBN-13: 9782076315509

This quantity offers a transparent knowing of the way microbes, following their degradative methods, give a contribution maximally to the good thing about mankind via biotransformations of waste material in addition to a wide selection of health-risk compounds.

The ebook includes twenty 4 chapters contributed by way of major scientists from diversified elements of the area, masking a number of features of bioremediation of xenobiotics akin to poisonous, carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic compounds, which come with halogenated aromatics, derivatives of heavy metals, microbial pollution, tannins, dyes, sulfur compounds of coal and petroleum and insecticides. The bioremediation of agricultural residue, commercial in addition to municipal wastes, gas oils, lubricants, traditional rubber items, and different artificial polymers, which pollute the surroundings considerably, additionally constitutes an immense component to the booklet. All biotechnological features of microbial alterations concerning biodegradation/bioremediation of damaging wastes, starting from screening equipment for microbes with degradative capability, strategies of deterioration, pressure development for better biodegradation and removal of xenobiotics of overall healthiness and environmental quandary were dealt with.

The e-book intends to widen the scope of utilized Microbiology and Biotechnology often and biotransformations particularly. it's going to provide a chance for scientists within the parts of biochemistry, meals undefined, environmental technology and engineering and their implications in technologically possible, efficient and economically conceivable bioremediation thoughts. additionally, it kinds an interface among agro-industrial institutions and the tutorial global and may generate new inspiration upsetting rules for scientists of destiny generations for the guard of either human and animal healthiness in addition to the surroundings.

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Extra resources for Biotransformations: Bioremediation Technology for Health and Environmental Protection

Sample text

The low vapor pressure and low solubility give PCB a high rat e of vapor t r a n s p o r t [6]. Since most of the PCB is found in the sediment, the p r i m a r y method of degradation is by microorganisms; it is however, a slow process due to the effects of both the repartitioning event and microbial availability. The property of PCB, t h a t makes movement t h r o u g h lake sedi m ent very small, is also d o m i n a n t in soil environments. In general, sorption increases with increasing chlorination, especially in the ortho position, and increasing organic content [7].

Appl Environ 31 Microbiol 1990; 56: 1702-1709. Microbiol 1999; 65: 4357-4362. Brigmon R L, Bell NC, Freedman DL, Berry CJ. J Soil Contam 1998; 7: 433-453. 32 Alonso C, Suidan MT, Kim BR, Kim BJ. 1998. Env Sci Tech 1998; 32: 3118-3123. 33 Malhautier L, Degrange V, Guay R, Degorce-Dumas J-R, Bardin R, Cloirec PL. J Appl Microbiol 1998; 85: 255-262. 34 M a t t e a u Y, Ramsay B. Biodegradation 1997; 8: 135-141. 35 De Heyder B, Van Elst , Van Langenhove H, Verstraetraete W. Biodegradation 1997; 8: 21-30.

Plant- based r e m e d i a t i o n h a s evolved as a viable m e t h o d because of new technology and the need for more cost-effective approaches. 22 Plants remediate organic compounds by three mechanisms: (i) direct uptake and subsequent accumulation of the compounds; (ii) release of exudates and enzymes t h a t stimulate microbial activity and biochemical transformations; (iii) e n h a n c e m e n t of t r a n s f o r m a t i o n s in the rhizosphere (the root-soil interface), A c o m p r e h e n s i v e review of the l i t e r a t u r e , p e r t a i n i n g to u p t a k e , accumulation, translocation and biotransformation of organic chemicals by plants, was published by Nellessen and Fletcher [63].

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Biotransformations: Bioremediation Technology for Health and Environmental Protection by Singh Ved Pal and Stapleton Raymond D. (Eds.)

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