By Asle Toje
This publication offers a provocative research of kinfolk among Europe and the United States through the tempestuous years 1998-2004. Analysing european overseas coverage, it concludes that the teachings learnt in interacting with the United States were an important in shaping the rising ecu strategic tradition. The publication demanding situations validated orthodoxy concerning the sui generis nature of the ecu Union. via particular case-studies, it exhibits how the USA inspired judgements through the adolescence of the ecu international and protection coverage: throughout the 1999 Kosovo warfare, the european and NATO growth techniques, and the 2003 Iraq main issue. even though, the publication argues that even if coverage ends might be lead by way of the USA, the european is growing to be more and more convinced in picking distinctively ‘European’ ability to accomplish those objectives. those findings have very important implications for knowing either the ecu as a international coverage actor and of the EU-US partnership first and foremost of the twenty first century.
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Extra resources for America, the EU and Strategic Culture: Transatlantic Security Relations after the Cold War (Contemporary Security Studies)
A self-sustained European order that was not based on great power rivalry had never existed, save for a brief interlude in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars. An understanding was reached in the face of the looming existential 24 The transatlantic bargain threat from the Soviet Union based on cooperation within the overall framework of American primacy. The Franco-German understanding was fortified through the European integration project. Britain was allowed to join the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1972, but enlargement failed to foster the same degree of closeness between Paris and London that it had done between Paris and Bonn.
However, while the Europeans reaped the peace dividend, continued high levels of US investment encouraged a generational shift under the heading “Revolution in Military Affairs”, which further deepened the Euro-American gap in capabilities. The 1990s: autonomy and dependence The election of Bill Clinton to the Presidency in 1992 led to a change in American perception of the EU as a foreign policy actor. The multilaterally inclined President was eager to shift some of the foreign and security policy burdens onto regional partners.
Accordingly the Treaty of Rome (1957) did not envision a common foreign and security policy. American good-will and cooperative policies helped the European states grow into allies rather than satellites, as seen in Communist Eastern Europe. 13 Throughout the Cold War, the drawbacks of dependence on the US were outweighed by the security guarantee embedded in the American commitment to Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty. The Western European states, despite their military dependency, remained relatively independent – politically and diplomatically.
America, the EU and Strategic Culture: Transatlantic Security Relations after the Cold War (Contemporary Security Studies) by Asle Toje