Read e-book online China-Russia Relations in Central Asia: Energy Policy, PDF

By Thomas Stephan Eder

ISBN-10: 3658032715

ISBN-13: 9783658032715

​As China rises to international strength prestige, its family members with different significant powers, together with Russia, are regularly renegotiated. power figures prominently in either countries’ international coverage. an in depth research of chinese resources – educational debate 1997-2012 – confirms a collision of pursuits over crucial Asian reserves. whereas unanimous appeals to compromise render earlier predictions of coming near near war of words unconvincing, descriptions of Sino-Central Asian strength family as “central to strength security”, and the categorical rejection of a Russian “sphere of influence”, additionally exclude a retreat. within the long-term, China will most probably change Russia because the dominant strength in important Asia’s power region, inflicting the Kremlin to understand one other “encroachment”. the present idea of a “strategic partnership” will necessarily be challenged.​

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Extra info for China-Russia Relations in Central Asia: Energy Policy, Beijing's New Assertiveness and 21st Century Geopolitics

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At this point, Beijing could achieve a final agreement regarding the ESPO pipeline, which subsequently commenced operation on January 1, 2011 (Helmer 2011). 54 CNPC agreed to pay for the pipeline branch from Skovorodino to the Chinese border (Downs 2010:157), and the RF was permitted to at least partly pay back loans with oil deliveries (Yang 2010:11). Chinese companies were now 54 “China Development Bank“ provided Rosneft with a USD 15 billion and Transneft with a USD 10 billion loan, enabling them to pay back debts and make large-scale investments.

49 Additionally, CNPC is a shareholder in the production company “CNPC AktobeMunaiGaz“, the joint stock company “Munaitas“ and aforementioned Sino-Kazakh pipeline with 49% and 51% of the shares respectively, and the PRC has acquired a refinery in southern Kazakhstan (Saurbek 2008:84-85, FN 19). Finally, CNPC purchased the rights to North Buzachi field at the Caspian Sea (Dittmer 2007:15; Neff 2006:44; Ziegler 2008:146). On the other hand, Kazakh oil companies were invited to participate in Chinese projects in the South China Sea in 2004 (Saurbek 2008:85-86).

In Kazakhstan, uranium production facilities were resurrected from bankruptcy in 1997. The state-run “Kazatomprom“, the world’s fourth largest uranium producing company, came to manage all uranium and nuclear-fuel related facilities29. For Uzbekistan the main company in this field was “Navoi Mining and Metallurgy Plant“, for Kyrgyzstan it was “Kara Balta Ore Mining Company“, and in Tajikistan and Turkmenistan reserves were still lying idle (Kassenova 2010:222-229). While Russia and China both imported Kazakh uranium, they were not involved on site at that time.

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China-Russia Relations in Central Asia: Energy Policy, Beijing's New Assertiveness and 21st Century Geopolitics by Thomas Stephan Eder

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