By Evan S. Medeiros
Examines the constitution and operation of the chinese language goverment's controls on exports of things that may be utilized in the creation of guns of mass destruction.
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Additional info for Chasing the Dragon: Assessing China's System of Export controls for WMD-related Goods and Technologies
In July 1999, Jiang Zemin called for the PLA to sever its ties to all business enterprises. This process is ongoing. See James C. S. : RAND Corporation, 1997. : Westview Press, 1997, p. 143–144. History of Chinese Export Controls 13 perative and were equally skeptical of (and sometimes outwardly hostile toward) certain international nonproliferation accords. There were two other weaknesses in China’s system of administrative controls on sensitive exports. First, China did not issue any public control lists, claiming to use internal ones.
Customs has broadened its role in WMD export control administration, such as those related to inspections, training, and investigations. According to one report,14 some Customs “clearance zones” in recent years have acquired specialized equipment to detect radiological, biological, and chemical items. This equipment includes X-ray machines, electronic platform balances, plate identification systems, electronic gates, and container identification systems. While these developments are important, they have occurred at China’s largest ports, such as in Shanghai, and have been driven by a desire to monitor imports, likely as part of the Container Security Initiative.
MFA officials can also issue special documents, such as “red letter documents” (hong tou xin, ), which notify Chinese companies and provincial authorities on an urgent basis about certain items that cannot be exported—including goods not included on Chinese control lists. These documents can be issued based on intelligence received from foreign governments about pending illicit exports. The MFA plays a supporting role in the actual investigations of illicit exports. It serves as a conduit of foreign intelligence about impending exports to MOFCOM officials who initiate such investigations.
Chasing the Dragon: Assessing China's System of Export controls for WMD-related Goods and Technologies by Evan S. Medeiros