By Julie K. Ward
During this ebook, Julie okay. Ward examines Aristotle's notion concerning how language informs our perspectives of what's actual. First she areas Aristotle's thought in its old and philosophical contexts in terms of Plato and Speusippus. Ward then explores Aristotle's idea of language because it is deployed in numerous works, together with Ethics, themes, Physics, and Metaphysics, so that it will think of its relation to dialectical perform and medical rationalization as Aristotle conceived it.
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Extra resources for Aristotle on Homonymy: Dialectic and Science
For example, I think that he employs homonymos ¯ in passages such as Phd. 133d2–3, and Tim. 52a4–5 to point out the disparate ontological status between Forms and sensible particulars. 65 It may be argued that in observing their differences, Aristotle is justly exploiting a weak point within Plato’s account when he states that it is mere homonymy to call both a living human and a wooden human figure “human” (991a7–8). The force of 63 64 65 The lines common to both texts (991a6–8, 1078b36–1079a3) include: “if the form is not the same [in Form and particular], the things will be homonymos” ¯ (εij dε; mh; to; aujto; εi\doı, oJmwvnuma a]n εi[h .
It is possible to pose the scholarly debate as spanning two extremes, with one side finding little in common, and the other, a great deal. One side of the 26 Theory of Homonymy in Categories 1 and Precursors debate is given by E. Hambruch (1904), who claims that although Speusippus influenced Aristotle in his linguistic approach to homonymy, there are substantial differences between the two accounts. Specifically, Hambruch holds that, for Speusippus, the referents of homonymous or synonymous names are words and not things, and this fact constitutes the main line of difference.
79a1– 2), so that the two kinds are also ontologically different (cf. Phd. 79a3–4). Using these premises, he constructs an analogical argument to show that since the soul is more like the invisible and unchanging things, it is likely to be immortal (Phd. 80a10–b3). So, in this context, it is reasonable to assume that homonymos ¯ is chosen to reflect the cases in which particulars share the same name but not the same nature, nor, by implication, the same definition, as Forms. A use of homonymos ¯ similar to the present one at Phd.
Aristotle on Homonymy: Dialectic and Science by Julie K. Ward