By H. G. Wells
E-book can have various typos, lacking textual content, pictures, or index. dealers can obtain a loose scanned reproduction of the unique ebook (without typos) from the writer. 1920. Excerpt: ... XXVII the 2 WESTERN REPUBLICS1 § 1. The Beginnings of the Latins. § 2. a brand new type of country. § three. The Carthaginian Republic of wealthy males. § four. the 1st Punic battle. § five. Cato the Elder and the Spirit of Cato. § 6. the second one Punic conflict. § 7. The 3rd Punic battle. § eight. How the Punic struggle Undermined Roman Liberty. § nine. comparability of the Roman Republic with a latest country. it really is now essential to take in the historical past of the 2 nice republics of the Western Mediterranean, Rome and Carthage, and to inform how Rome succeeded in retaining for a few centuries an empire even more than that accomplished through the conquests of Alexander. yet this new empire was once, as we will try and clarify, a political constitution differing very profoundly in its nature from any of the nice Oriental empires that had preceded it. nice adjustments within the texture of human society and within the stipulations of social interrelations were occurring for a few centuries. the flexibleness and transferability of cash was once turning into an influence and, like every powers in inexpert palms, a hazard in human affairs. It was once changing the kin of wealthy males to the kingdom and to their poorer fellow electorate. This new empire, the Roman empire, in contrast to the entire previous empires, used to be no longer the construction of a very good conqueror. No Sargon, no Thothmes, no Nebuchadnezzar, no Cyrus nor Alexander nor Chandragupta, used to be its fountain head. It used to be made through a republic. It grew by way of a type of necessity via new concentrating and unifying forces that have been gradually amassing strength in human affairs. 1 a truly handy instruction manual for this and the following chapters is Matheson's Skeleton define of Roman background. yet first it can be crucial to provide a few inspiration of the kingdom of affaire in Italy within the centuries instantly previous th...
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