Download PDF by James G. Lennox: Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle: Essays in Honor of

By James G. Lennox

ISBN-10: 0521768446

ISBN-13: 9780521768443

This quantity of essays explores significant hooked up subject matters in Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of nature, and ethics, particularly issues regarding essence, definition, teleology, job, potentiality, and the top stable. the quantity is united through the idea that every one features of Aristotle's paintings must be studied jointly if anybody of the parts of idea is to be totally understood. the various papers have been contributions to a convention on the college of Pittsburgh entitled 'Being, Nature, and lifestyles in Aristotle', to honor Professor Allan Gotthelf's many contributions to the sphere of historic philosophy; a couple of are contributions from those that have been invited yet couldn't attend. The members, all longstanding buddies of Professor Gotthelf, are one of the such a lot complete students within the box of historical philosophy at the present time.

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Extra info for Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle: Essays in Honor of Allan Gotthelf

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There is nothing about his being Jones that links him causally or explanatorily to the building, in the way that his being a builder manifestly does. Nevertheless, even to refer to the moving cause of the building as ‘a builder’ falls short of the ideal answer, it turns out. Near the end of chapter 3, Aristotle writes (195b21–5): One must always seek the ultimate cause of each thing, as in other matters. For example, a man builds because he is a builder, but the builder builds in virtue of the building craft.

Aristotle therefore uses a miscellany of craft-related examples to demarcate the four causes (Ph. 3), before moving on to their application to nature. In a craft, it is normal for the practitioner to impose some form on pre-existing matter, for example a sculptor on bronze. Here the material cause is the bronze, the moving cause (often called the ‘efficient’ cause) is the sculptor, and the formal cause is the form he imposes on it, all unmistakably distinct from each other. 17 Thus four distinct causes – material, moving, formal and final – are clearly exhibited by craft, and it is only once we have mastered them and their interrelation in this familiar guise that we are ready to look for them in nature.

Since (cf. Ph. 255a10–15, b29–31) water is not a self-mover, it must, strictly speaking, be moved by one or more external movers. Hence water’s regular redistribution by rainfall to its proper place, the surface of the earth, will have as its moving cause the movements in the heavens (cf. Mete. ). ) orchestrated from the top down, and having among its innumerable beneficial outcomes the nourishment of plants. Somn. Vig. 457b31–458a1; APo. 653a2–8; Mete. 346b21–36. Teleology, Aristotelian and Platonic 27 which among other things supports agriculture, as the reference to making the crops grow strongly suggests.

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Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle: Essays in Honor of Allan Gotthelf by James G. Lennox

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