Read e-book online Battery Technology Handbook, Second Edition (Electrical and PDF

By H.A. Kiehne

ISBN-10: 0824742494

ISBN-13: 9780824742492

ISBN-10: 0824756428

ISBN-13: 9780824756420

This functional reference is still the main accomplished advisor to the elemental theories, recommendations, and techniques used for battery operation and layout. It contains new and revised chapters targeting the protection, functionality, caliber, and enhancement of varied batteries and battery platforms. From automobile, electrochemical, and high-energy functions to method implementation, choice, and standardization, the second one variation provides professional discussions on electrochemical power garage, some great benefits of battery-powered traction, the disposal and recycling of used batteries, threat prevention, and the chemistry and physics of lithium fundamental batteries.

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Extra resources for Battery Technology Handbook, Second Edition (Electrical and Computer Engineering)

Sample text

Current flow affords additional forces because of an energy barrier that has to be surmounted by electrons. The required additional energy is called ‘activation energy’ and the dependence of reaction rates is expressed Copyright © 2003 by Expert Verlag. All Rights Reserved. by the Arrhenius equation, which reads   EA k ¼ ko ? T ð16Þ with k: reaction constant; EA : activation energy ðJ ? mole 1 Þ; R: molar gas constant ð8:3143 J ? mole 1 ? K 1 Þ. EA actually depends on temperature, but often can approximately be treated like a constant.

4. Lead (Pb) and lead dioxide ðPbO2 Þ are formed from lead sulfate ðPbSO4 Þ. The electrochemical reaction, the transfer step, can only take place where electrons can be supplied or removed, which means that this conversion is not possible on the surface of the lead sulfate, as lead sulfate does not conduct electric current. For this reason, the Pb2þ ions must be dissolved and transported by migration or diffusion to the conductive electrode surface (lead or lead dioxide). The solubility of the reaction products is a very important parameter for electrode reactions that occur via dissolution of the reactants, as the example shown Copyright © 2003 by Expert Verlag.

G Depends on the alloy, used for hydrogen storage. h Operating temperature 300 to 400 8C. i Value depends on the size of the separate tanks for the active material. a Special battery systems 11 Sodium/sulfur h 12 Sodium/nickel chloride h 13 Zinc/bromine 10 NiOOH Nickel/cadmium 8 NiOOH PbO2 Secondary batteries 7 Lead-acid with ai: activity of the reacting component i (approximately the concentration) ðmole ? cm 3 Þ; ji: number of equivalents of this component that take part in the reaction; R: molar gas constant for an ideal gas ðR ¼ 8:3145J ?

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Battery Technology Handbook, Second Edition (Electrical and Computer Engineering) by H.A. Kiehne

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