Read e-book online Azerbaijan: A Political History (International Library of PDF

By Suha Bolukbasi

ISBN-10: 0857719327

ISBN-13: 9780857719324

Azerbaijan's Soviet and post-Soviet political heritage has been tumultuous and sundry, quite with reference to the fight for independence, democracy, and sovereignty. Suha Bolukbasi right here illustrates how post-Stalin resilience, the tolerance proven towards sophisticated nationalist expression, and Gorbachev’s rest of crucial keep watch over from Moscow have been all, in-part, answerable for the preliminary emergence of a extra liberal surroundings in Azerbaijan.

As a end result, concerns corresponding to Moscow’s accountability for environmental degradation, the depletion of Azerbaijan’s oil, and damaging phrases of exchange have all began to be freely mentioned. besides the fact that, the Azerbaijan-Armenia dispute over Karabagh has had a dramatic effect at the political discourse. The dispute has develop into not just a global clash, yet one that includes the lives of a couple of million refugees.

This e-book indicates how Azerbaijan's contemporary political background -- either family and foreign -- has inspired the improvement of the rustic and the background of the encircling sector.

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Extra resources for Azerbaijan: A Political History (International Library of the Caucasus)

Example text

80 The republic was perceived with suspicion especially by Iran, which feared Azeri irredentism vis-à-vis Tehran. Iranian fears increased when the Ottoman army briefly occupied Tabriz in June 1918. The Ottomans promised military assistance to Azerbaijan to restore peace and stability. 81 Enver Pasha’s half-brother, Nuri Pasha, headed the joint Ottoman– Azerbaijani force called the “Army of Islam”, which was deployed in Ganja since its arrival at the end of May 1918. The army was a puffed up version of the Ottoman Fifth Infantry division and troops from General Ali-Agha Shikhlinski’s Muslim (Azeri) National Corps and bands of irregulars.

Stolypin’s repressive measures dealt Himmat a severe blow. Several of its leaders were arrested and several others took refuge in Iran. 57 In 1911 or 1912 a more nationalistic but also socialist Musavat (equality) Party – or Muslim Democratic Party – came into being. Since Musavat was inactive before the First World War, some historians claimed that it did not exist before 1917. Yet it did have a program and statutes before 1914. 59 The evolution of views of the future leader of Musavat, Mammad Emin Resulzada, is characteristic also of the experiences of many other leaders and rank and file.

Azeris from the north, especially Himmatists, went to 32 AZERBAIJAN Tabriz to join the revolt. 73 During the First World War Azeris first supported Russia against Germany and Austria, but following Turkey’s late involvement they moved their support to the Ottoman Empire, although pro-Ottoman groups, including Musavat, publicly kept a pro-Russia stance. During the war the strongman of the empire, Enver Pasha, gave priority to the capture of the Caucasus, at least partly because of his pan-Turkist proclivity.

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Azerbaijan: A Political History (International Library of the Caucasus) by Suha Bolukbasi

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