By The World Bank
Following the intense monetary difficulty in 2001 02, Argentina mobilized an unheard of attempt to supply source of revenue aid to the phase of the inhabitants so much in want. Now, as development has back and social signs recovered to precrisis degrees, there's a gap to maneuver from emergency help courses to a extra finished, long term, and sustainable approach for social safety. The problem is to layout and entirely enforce a social defense approach that has enough assurance and merits and is built-in and fiscally and politically sustainable. The research contained during this e-book aimed to give a contribution to and tell the controversy concerning the way forward for source of revenue help guidelines in Argentina, taking the perspectives, values, and personal tastes of the stakeholders and the inhabitants as beginning issues. The study integrated cutting edge efforts to assemble and comprehend the panorama of principles concerning ideas for social safety circulating in Argentina: first, an in depth set of consultations with coverage makers and practitioners in social coverage, frequently on the provincial point; and moment, a countrywide, consultant opinion survey at the perspectives and perceptions of the inhabitants relating to social coverage and source of revenue aid courses specifically.
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Additional resources for Argentina: Income Support Policies Toward the Bicentennial (World Bank Country Study)
Two main factors are driving this. First, because the social assistance programs—Jefes, Seguro, and Familias—are all closed to new entrants, the share of the poor left out of the programs is growing relative to the share receiving the benefits. Second, the radical scaling up of pension provided large transfers to parts of the population not at the bottom of the income distribution. 14. Number of Income Transfers Received by Households—Total and First Quintile, 1997–2007 1st quintile All households 100 75 50 25 0 1997 2001 Gap 2003 2005 2007 Coverage 1997 2001 2003 2005 Overlap Source: World Bank staff calculations, based on EPH-INDEC.
When the economy faced a downturn at the end of the 1990s, poverty rates began to rise again. The sustained decline in GDP accelerated the fall of large parts of the population into poverty. The economic recovery brought back the poverty rate to mid-1990s levels. Extreme poverty followed a similar path, although at a lower level. 7. GDP, Poverty, and Inequality, 1980–2007 Sources: Ministry of Economy; INDEC Permanent Household Survey. Income inequality has worsened since the beginning of the 1990s.
The absence of a pre-established indexation rule for the pension benefits resulted in some changes in the structure of benefits. First, the gap between the average and the minimum benefit has narrowed since 2003 because of discretionary increases to the minimum benefit applied since then. Within a relatively short period, pensioners received flat increases, proportional increases, proportional increases with caps, and increases of the minimum benefit. As a result, the benefit pyramid became flatter, with more beneficiaries at the lower benefit levels.
Argentina: Income Support Policies Toward the Bicentennial (World Bank Country Study) by The World Bank